Avoiding problems with butterfly valves.

The majority of all problems with butterfly valves in the field are directly related to poor installation procedures. For this reason, it is wise to consider best-practice when laying out pipe-work and installing the valve itself.

The seat in a resilient-seated butterfly valve usually extends around to both faces of the valve. As a result, no gaskets are required as these seats serve the function of a gasket. The seat material which extends past the face is compressed during installation and flows toward the centre of the valve seat. Any change in this configuration due to improper installation directly affects the pressure rating and seating/unseating torques.

Unlike most valve types, the butterfly valve's disc actually extends beyond the face of the valve body at given angles of opening (say, 30 or more) when installed between flanges. Therefore, it is very important before installation to ensure that the disc is able to freely turn and enter the flanges and pipe-work.

 

Shipment & Storage

  • Position discs at 10% open so that they are unseated.

  • The faces of each valve should be covered to prevent damage to the seat face, disc edge, or valve interior.

  • Store indoors, preferably with ambient temperatures between 5C and 30C.

  • Open and close the valves every 3 months.

  • Ship and store valves so that no heavy loads are applied to the bodies.

 

Valve Location

  • Butterfly valves should be installed if possible a minimum of 6 pipe diameters from other line elements, i.e. elbows, pumps, valves, etc. Sometimes this is not feasible, but it is important to achieve as much distance as possible.

  • Where the butterfly valve is connected to a check valve or pump, keep enough space between them to ensure the disc does not interfere with the adjacent equipment.

 

Valve Orientation

As a rule of thumb, butterfly valves be installed with the stem in the vertical position with the actuator mounted vertically directly above it, however, there are some applications where the stem should be horizontal.

For slurries, sludge, mine tailings, pulp, dry cement, (media with sediment or particles), install the valve with the stem horizontal, with the lower disc edge opening towards the downstream direction.

Butterfly valves located after a centrifugal pump.

Butterfly valves located after a bend:

Butterfly valves located after a T joint.

Butterfly valves located a pipe reducer:

Butterfly valves in combination for control / isolation applications.

When all the valve stems are in the same orientation there is a greater likelihood of noise, vibration and erosion.

Noise, vibration, and erosion are less likely when the stem of the control valve is at a right angle to those of adjacent valves

Installation Procedures

  1 Make sure the pipeline and flange faces are clean. Any foreign material such as metal filings, pipe scale,  welding slag, welding rods, etc. can limit disc movement or damage the disc or seat.

  2 Gaskets are not required on resilient seated valves because they extend to both faces of the valve.

  3 Align the pipe-work, and spread the flanges enough to allow the valve body to be easily inserted between the flanges without contacting the pipe flanges.

  4 Check that the valve disc has been set to about 10% open so it doesn't become jammed in the fully seated position.

Pipe not spread, disc opened beyond valve body face.

Result: Disc edge damaged as it contacts the flanges.

Pipes aligned and spread, disc rotated 10%.

Result: Minimal seating / unseating torque, disc edge protected.

  5 Insert the valve between the flanges as shown, taking care not to damage the seat faces. Always lift the valve by the locating holes or by using a nylon sling on the neck or the body. Never lift the valve by the actuator or operator mounted on the valve.

  6 Place the valve between the flanges, centre it, insert the bolts and hand-tighten them. Carefully open the disc, making sure the disc does not contact the inside of the adjacent pipes.  

  7 Very slowly close the valve disc to ensure disc edge clearance from the adjacent pipe flange.

  8 Fully open the disc and tighten all flange bolts as shown.

  9 Repeat a full close to full open rotation of the disc to ensure proper clearances.

Installation with Flange Welding

When butterfly valves are to be installed between welding type flanges, care should be taken to ensure no damage will occur to the seat:

Place the valve between the flanges with the flanges and valve body aligned. The disc should be 10% open.

Bolt the flanges to the valve body. Ensure the valve and flanges are aligned with the pipe.

3  Tack-weld the flanges to the pipe.

4  Remove the bolts and the valve from the pipe flanges and finish welding the flanges.

5  Wait for the pipe and flanges to cool before installing the valve. NOTE: Never complete the welding (after tacking) with the valve between flanges as heat transfer will cause severe seat damage.